Specialized Treatment Programs that offer diagnostic and treatment services that are provided by physicians who have special training and expertise in a clinical area of practice which focuses on a specific age group (e.g., geriatrics, pediatrics), an organ or organ system of the body (e.g., internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology) or on complex scientific techniques developed to diagnose or treat certain types of disorders (e.g., nuclear medicine, radiology).

 

 

Programs that are staffed by specialists in the field of medicine that is concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community. Practitioners of family and community medicine provide comprehensive medical care including preventive services with particular emphasis on the family unit, in which the physician's continuing responsibility for health care is not limited by the patient's age or gender, nor by a particular organ system or disease entity.

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Programs that provide primary oral health care for patients of all ages. General dentists are responsible for the diagnosis, treatment, management and overall coordination of specialized services related to the patient's oral health needs. Services generally include an oral health history, preventive dental cleanings, dental radiographs, oral cancer screening, an examination of the teeth to detect tooth decay or other problems, a periodontal examination to detect gum disease, dental restorations (e.g., fillings, crowns and implants), cosmetic dentistry, and other procedures such as fluoride treatment.

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Programs that are concerned with maintaining or improving the health of the eyes and their appropriate functioning as the organs of sight.
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Programs that are staffed by specialists who provide comprehensive preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for women who have a disease or disorder of the reproductive system; that offer regular medical examinations to ensure health and detect abnormalities; and which provide care for women during pregnancy, childbirth and the period immediately following childbirth.

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Programs that are staffed by health care professionals who are licensed to provide primary eye care services including comprehensive eye health and vision examinations; diagnosis and treatment of disease and vision disorders; and prescriptions for glasses, contact lenses, low vision rehabilitation, vision therapy and medications. Optometrists check patient vision using eye charts; measure patient nearsightedness, farsightedness, depth perception and other vision problems using optical instruments; prescribe and fit corrective lenses or other corrective treatments to conserve, improve and correct vision; prescribe training exercises to strengthen weak eye muscles; and counsel patients on contact lens use and care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements, working distances and safety factors. They may also examine eyes for glaucoma and other diseases and refer patients to ophthalmologists or other physicians and surgeons when ocular or other diseases are found. Optometrists may specialize in fitting visual aids for people who are partially blind, fitting contact lenses or correcting special vision problems.

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Programs that specialize in providing oral health care for infants, children and adolescents.

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Programs that are staffed by specialists who are concerned with the physical, emotional and social health of infants, children and adolescents from birth to young adulthood. Pediatricians have advanced training in the biological, social and environmental factors that have an influence on a developing child and have expertise in diagnosing and treating the acute and chronic diseases that are common to individuals in this age range.

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